Canine land treadmill is used to increase strength, balance and coordination. This form of therapy, while used less often than our hydro-treadmill therapy, has advantages in some situations such as stimulation of bone growth and strengthening, ability to vary rate of incline and decline to concentrate the effort to specific muscle groups. It is more beneficial at certain stages of post-joint surgery rehabilitation (ie cruciates, hips, elbows).
One of the limitations of the land treadmill is that there is no ability to reduce pressure on the joints as there is with the hydro-treadmill therapy. Land treadmill therapy is often used primarily for strengthening in the absence of pain, re-education of balance, and proprioception. Proprioception is the awareness of where the feet are placed on the ground. For more information visit Pawwws. Another great resource is Jog A Dog.